1st Lt. Raymond Harney and 2nd Lt. Warren French – 349th BS, 100th BG

Lt Raymond Harney (Photo courtesy of Tsymond Harney JR.)*1

A recent story that came to light, was that of two American airmen whose World War II story has finally come to a close 70 years after their death.

The two airmen, U.S. Army Air Corps 1st Lt. Raymond Harney (s/n O-523208) and U.S. Army Air Corps 2nd Lt. Warren French, (s/n O-2056584) of the 349th BS, 100th BG, were in a B17G (44-6306) over Germany on September 28th 1944, when they were hit by flak whilst on a mission to Merseberg. This would be their eighth and final mission.

Mission 652 involved a total of 342 B-17s which were sent to bomb the Merseburg/Leuna oil refinery and any additional targets of opportunity. During the operation, 10 B-17s were lost, 4 were damaged beyond repair and 251 damaged but repairable. Escort for the mission was provided by 212 P-51s of the USAAF.

B-17 ’44-6306′, was delivered to Kearney airbase on 28th June 1944,  then moved to Grenier airbase, New Hampshire on 9th July 1944, for onward transport to the United Kingdom.  It was assigned to the 349th Bomb Squadron, of the 100th Bomb Group, given the code ‘XR-G’, and based at RAF Thorpe Abbotts from the 12th July 1944.

The crew of 44-6306, assigned on the 28th August 1944, was: (Pilot) 1st Lt Raymond E.Harney, (co-pilot) 2nd Lt William R.Kimball, (Navigator) 2nd Lt Charles M.Hamrick, (Bombardier) 2nd Lt Warren.M.French, (Top Turret/Engineer) Cpl Thadeus L.Gotz, (Radio Operator/Gunner) Cpl Hubert J.Burleigh,Jr., (Ball Turret) Cpl Melvin F.Cordray, (Waist Gunner) Cpl Robert C.Minear, (Waist Gunner) Cpl James J.Sorenson, and (tail Gunner) Cpl John H. Bundner. (For this particular mission, Gotz was not aboard, S/Sgt Jack D.Francisco flew as tail gunner and Cpl Robert C.Minear flew as Flt. Engineer.)

At 12:10, whilst over the target, the B-17 was hit in the number 2 engine by anti-aircraft flak. As a result, the engine caught fire, the aircraft withdrew from the protection of the formation, joining another formation further back, but began to fall back again when the number 4 engine was also feathered. Harney continued to fly the crippled B-17 for a further two hours after being hit, before finally ordering the crew to bail out. He decided that he and the injured French, would remain and try to land the aircraft.

Outside of the village of Schwickershausen, to the north of another major target, Schweinfurt, Germany, they attempted a belly landing bringing the aircraft down in a turnip field. The B-17 slid across the ground, ripping off the port wing, causing a tremendous fire. Neither Harney nor French sadly survived the subsequent fireball.

Although he managed to get the crew to leave the aircraft, their safety was not guaranteed and sadly, many were killed by local the police in the following days. Only two of the gunners, Cpl. Melvin F.Cordray, and Cpl. Robert C.Minear, survived as POWs.

What makes this story more significant than usual, is what followed after the crash.

‘Bloody Hundredth’ members’ grave marker returned to Thorpe Abbotts

The Cross and Certificate Donated to the Thorpe Abbot Museum. *2

The local people, made a wooden cross in remembrance of the crew and they kept it hidden away in the local church for over 70 years.

The large wooden cross, had the words “Hier ruhen in Gott! 2 amer. Flieger,” or “Here rests in God 2 American flyers,” engraved on it, along with details of the aircraft crash. On the 70th anniversary of the crash, 28th September 2014, a memorial service was held in the village of Schwickershausen. Following this, on 5th October, the cross was flown over to England in an American KC-135 Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, with two Luftwaffe Tornados ‘escorting’ over Germany. The cross was donated to the ‘Bloody 100th’ museum at Thorpe Abbots for safe keeping. A certificate was also handed over along with the cross signifying not only the now peaceful and co-operative alliance between the two nations, but the final closing of a chapter of the history of two crew members of the “Bloody Hundredth.”

This is a remarkable story, and one that certainly stands out amongst the horrors and heroism of the Second World War.

2Lt Warren M French

Warren French’s memorial stone in Belgium*3

Lt Raymond E. Harney’s Gravestone is at F.t Snelling Cemetery in Minnesota, his remains are in the graveyard at Gemeindefriedhof Schwickershausen. Warren French’s headstone is in the Ardennes, Neuville-en-Cond, in Belgium.

Thorpe Abbotts airfield and museum is featured in Trail 12

Sources:

*1 photo https://100thbg.com/index.php?option=com_bombgrp&view=personnel&id=2186&Itemid=334

*2 Photo from RAF Mildenhall news http://www.mildenhall.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123429343

*3 Photo from ‘Find a Grave’ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=56358247

This story first appeared in the RAF Mildenhall news report; http://www.mildenhall.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123429343

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