Not far from the former RAF Charterhall airfield in Berwickshire, is a small church that dates back to the late 1600s. The site on which it stands has further links to religious worship and the Tironesian monks – a link that goes back even further to the 1200s. The hamlet of Fogo in which the church stands is small, in 2004 it had a population of just 21 people, yet it is the resting place of 16 service personnel from the Second World War. These are Commonwealth graves with men from: the Royal New Zealand Air Force; Royal Australian Air Force; Royal Navy Volunteer Reserves; Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserves; Royal New Zealand Navy and the Royal Canadian Air Force, all of whom died in service on and around RAF Charterhall.
These are those sixteen:
F.O. John Morris was one of many pilots who suffered as a result of the autumn storms. It is believed he lost control of his Beaufighter MKIIF (R2313) whilst in the clouds and crashed into the ground in the local area.
F.O. Donohue was one of many Australian crewmen to pass through Winfield and Charterhall. Sadly it was to be the final resting place for F.O. Donohue, his Blenheim MK V (BA111) crashing into the ground following the port engine cutting out. This was the third Blenheim crash of the month.
On the 13th November Beaufighter MKIIF R2378 took off from RAF Winfield with Pilot Sgt. Hutchesson and Navigator Sgt. R. Bell on board. The aircraft collided with another Beaufighter (T3359) near to Kettleshall Farm, Poleworth. Both crewmen in R2378 were killed, whilst the other crew managed to fly back to Winfield where they landed safely.
Flt. Sgt. Cosson was killed when the Beaufighter he was flying (V8163) spun into the ground and burned.
Petty Officer Airman Archibald was flying a Fairy Barracuda MKII (DP868) from the RNAS Worthy Down to Scotland when he got into difficulties. The engine failed, after which the aircraft crashed at Charterhall killing him.
July 1943 saw a high number of accidents at Charterhall, Flt. Sgt. Andrew being one of the first fatalities of the month. He was killed when his Beaufighter (T3419) swung on take-off. This action caused the aircraft to collide with a blister hangar and then crash into a taxiing Beaufort. The pilot of the Beaufort was uninjured although the aircraft sustained considerable damage.
Flt. Sgt. Williams was killed following a night flight engine fire. The pilot of the Beaufighter (T3361) Flt. Sgt. McGrath reported to RAF Winfield that he and his navigator were bailing out, but the when the aircraft was later found in the area, the bodies of both crewmen were still inside – both dead.
It is believed that on the 18th, F.O. Bigmore lost control of his aircraft, Beaufighter MKIIF (T3428) whilst in cloud and on approach to the airfield. The aircraft collided with high ground killing the pilot and causing severe injuries to the navigator F.O. Hirst.
Sgt. Hanlon was killed when he lost control on final approach to the airfield at Winfield. The Beaufighter MKIIF (R2375) collided with the ground some 2 miles south of the airfield on farmland.
March 1944 started off badly, when Sub-Lieutenant (A) Luke (above) and Sub-Lieutenant (A) Newburgh-Hutchins (below) tried to land their Fairy Fulmar in a snow storm at nearby RAF Winfield. The aircraft, a Fulmer MKI (X8696), was on a flight from the trials aircraft carrier HMS Pretoria Castle when it flew into the snow storm.
On March 18th, W/O. Douglas of the RAAF died a day after the Miles Martinet T.T. (EM481) he was flying crashed on take-off at RAF Charterhall.
Flt. Lt. O’Leary DFC was involved in what was possibly Charterhall’s most serious accident, when Beaufighter V8614 suffered an engine failure on the starboard wing; the aircraft unable to gain height, crashed into the ground. Flt. Lt. O’Leary was one of four crewmen killed, a crew that included two instructors and two pupils. O’Leary had just been awarded his DFC for gallantry prior to arriving at 54 OTU.
F.O. Scott was killed in early August when his Beaufighter MK. VIF (V8739) suffered engine failure at 800 feet and spun into the ground at Charterhall.
F.O. Frank Ernest Larkman was another crewman involved in a serious accident, when the Beaufighter NF VIF (KV976) he was a pupil in, lost both its artificial horizon and its gyros. At 5,000 feet and in cloud, the pilots, W.O P.J. O’Malley and F.O J.A. Paterson with Flt. Sgt. Robert M. Wedgwood as instructor, perhaps became disoriented and the aircraft crashed into the sea 3 miles north of Berwick. Both Larkman and Wedgwood were both killed, O’Malley and Paterson sustaining minor injuries.
Sadly many crews lost their lives at, or after, the war’s end. Flt. Lt. E.A. Clough was one such man, killed on July 13th, 1945.
RAF Charterhall and RAF Winfield were both training grounds where many airmen were trained using new to them or war-weary aircraft. As a result of inexperience, bad weather or in many cases, technical issues, there were a number of accidents many of which ended tragically. These sixteen are just a few of those who lost their lives in these accidents and are now buried in this quiet and secluded part of Scotland.
Lest we forget.